Mahatma gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme [NREGS]

The Govt of India have passed the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 in September 2005. The Act provides for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural areas of India by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
In exercise of the powers conferred by subsection (1) of section4 of the NREG Act 2005  the Govt of Kerala are pleased to make the Kerala Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (KREGS) with the primary objective to provide not less than 100 days of Guaranteed Employment in a financial year to every house hold whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual works in rural area.
The Secondary objective is the creation of durable community, social and economic assets and infrastructural development in rural areas.
The scheme, according to the Act, came into force in Wayanad and Palakkad Districts
Target group :-
  • ™ The KREGS is open to all rural households who are in need of wage employment and desire to do manual and unskilled work in and around his/her village.
  • ™ Efforts would be made to provide one third of employment opportunities for women under the Programme.
  •  As far as possible, employment shall be provided within a radius of five kilometers of the village where the applicant resides at the time of applying.


  • in cases the employment is provided outside such radius, it must be provided within the Block, and the labourers shall be paid ten per cent of the wage rate as extra wages to meet additional transportation and living expenses ™


  • A new work under the Scheme shall be commenced only if; at least fifty labourers become available for such work; and the labourers cannot be absorbed in the ongoing works; Provided that this condition shall not be applicable for new works, as determined by the State Government, in hilly areas and in respect of afforestation. 


  • A period of employment shall ordinarily be at least fourteen days continuously with not more than six days in a week.


  • Every Panchayath shall provide employment to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work for seven hours a day, not less than one hundred days of such work in a financial year.
  • Every person who has done the work given to him under the scheme shall be entitled to receive the Agricultural Minimum Wages as notified by the State Government under section 3 of the Minimum wages Act 1948 for agricultural labourers.


  • The Panchayath shall disburse wages on a weekly basis or in any case not later than a fortnight.
  • The programme will be implemented as a centrally sponsored scheme on cost sharing basis between the Center and the State 90:10.
  • The Central Government will bear the costs on the following items:
    • The entire cost of wages of unskilled manual workers.
    • 75% of the cost of material and wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers
    • Administrative expenses as may be determined by the Central Government, which will include inter alia, the salary and allowances of the Programme Officer
    • and his supporting staff and work site facilities.
    • Expenses of the National Employment Guarantee Council
  • The State Government will bear the costs on the following items
  • 25% of the cost of material and wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers.
  • Unemployment allowance payable in case the State Government cannot provide wage employment on time.
  • Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council.
Fund flow :-
Government of India will release its share of funds to District Programme Coordinator. The Commissioner for Rural Development will release corresponding State Share to the District to the District Programme coordinator. The funds shall be utilized by the District Programme Coordinator, Block programme Officer, and the PRI’s for the implementation of the scheme. 
The State Government may, by notification, establish a fund to be called the State Employment Guarantee Fund for the purposes of implementation of the Scheme.
Types of works :-
The types of the works implemented under the Scheme shall be on the following order of priority:
1. Water conservation and water harvesting e.g. Earthen Bunding, Stone Bund, Continuous Contour Trench, Water Absorption Trench, Loose Boulder Structure, Earthen gully Plug, Gabions, Farm pond, sunken Pond, Check wall. Check dam, Mini Percolation tank, Percolation tank, Diversion Drain, Feeder channel, Sub surface Dam, Staggered Trench.
2. Drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation) e.g. Pasture Development, Block Plantation, Horticulture plantation, Barren Hill Plantation, Avenue Plantation.
3. Irrigation canals, including micro and minor irrigation works e.g. Feeder Channel, Diversion Drain, Pick up Anicut, Supply Channel, Open wells, Field Channels, Main canal, Distributory Canals, Lift Irrigation.
4. Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or to land of beneficiaries of land reforms or that of the beneficiaries of Indira Awas Yojana programme.
5. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks e.g. Desilting of tanks, Repairs to tanks, Rehabilitation of MI source.
6. Land development e.g. earthern Bunding, Stone Bund, Loose Bolder Structure, earthen gully plugging, Land leveling, stone terracing, Boulder removal,
Pebble Bunding.
7. Flood control and protection works, including drainage in water-logged areas
e.g. Drains in the open field, filling the low lying areas, revetment to bunds, diversion drains in meandering streams.
8. Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access. Roads can be taken up as last priority not exceeding 10% value of all types of works taken up. 
9. Any other work, which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government.
Technical Norms:-
The works taken up under the Scheme shall meet the required technical standards and measurements. Separate technical norms and schedule of rural rates shall be worked out for the implementation of this scheme. Till that time the existing PWD technical norms and schedule of rates shall be applicable.
The schedule of rural rates of wages for unskilled labourers shall be so fixed in such a way that a person working for seven hours would normally earn a wage equal to the prevailing minimum wage rate.
The standard schedule of rural rates shall be worked out by desegregating each task into its constituent activities and calculating the average time taken for the activity and then assessing its payment based on labour and time expended.
The cost of material component of projects including the wages of the skilled and semiskilled workers taken up under the Scheme shall not exceed 40% (forty per 24 cent )of the total project costs at each Grama Panchayath, Block Panchayath, District Panchayath levels..
Measurements and check measurement should be done within a week/fortnight to ensure timely payment of wages to the beneficiaries  
The Technical staff shall measure the work done and record in M-Book and close the Muster Roll at the end of each week/fortnight, and shall read out the entries in the M-Book and Muster Roll to the workers at the worksite. The entries in the Muster Roll are to be attested by three representatives of the workers. The Technical Officer who has issued the Technical Sanction shall check-measure the work done
The wages under KREGS shall be paid at the rate of Agricultural minimum wages as notified by the State Government from time to time. Equal wages shall be paid under the scheme to both men and women workers. In case of every employment under the Scheme, there shall be no discrimination solely on the ground of gender, and the provisions of the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976), shall be complied with.
In case the number of children below the age of six years accompanying the workers working at any site is five or more, provision shall be made to depute one woman worker to look  after such children. The person deputed for the above work shall also be paid the Agricultural Minimum wage rate.
The wages shall be subjected to on the out-turn of work as determined by the PWD schedule of rates till the finalization of rural schedule of rates.
The Payment of wages to the workers shall be through Banks. Every job card holder shall open a Savings bank Account in the nearest branch of a Nationalised/Scheduled/Regional Rural Banks. The wages of the workers shall be credited to their individual Bank account.
The State Governments and the programme authorities shall make all efforts to publicise the wage rate/task –bases rates in simple language and by means easily accessible to the rural population. Wage rates shall also be displayed prominently on every worksite.